|Proposed actions 2018||Planned actions 2019|
|Programme of Environmental Strategy actions to 2020.||Increase in installed power capacity for renewable energy by at least 900 MW, in line with the targets of the Strategic Plan 2018–2022.|
|Growth in low or zero-emission renewable power in alignment with climate and air quality strategy.||Development of at least two renewable gas innovation projects.|
|Development of renewable gas projects.||Encourage the use of natural gas in land and sea mobility to improve air quality, by creating at least 25 new natural gas service stations and doubling the number of vessels on which bunkering operations are carried out (natural gas refuelling) throughout the year.|
|Progress in the certification of new environmental management systems pursuant to ISO 14001.||Implementation of 100 or more biodiversity initiatives at both national and international levels.|
|Promotion of sustainable mobility.||Review of the Naturgy Environmental Policy.|
|Extension of the Biodiversity Action Plans.||Integration of the climate change variable into the supply chain by means of the CDP Supply Chain initiative.|
The commitment to responsible management of the environment is structured with Management leadership through:
Environmental management is structured around three strategic pillars:
|Country||Exploration and production||Procurement and transportation||Generation||Gas and electricity distribution||Wholesale commercialisation and global accounts||Retail commercialisation||Customer service||Physical resources management||Technology and engineering management|
Naturgy identifies, records and analyses the environmental risks and events that have occurred in order to define, apply and disseminate preventive measures to reduce potential damage to the environment.
To do this, facilities with environmental risk are assessed using recognised standards as a reference.
The first element for management of environmental risks are self-protection plans, in which the most appropriate risks and responses are identified in light of potential accidents and emergency situations. In addition, there are global and uniform procedures and systems in the different businesses and geographies for reporting, classifying, monitoring and managing environmental events (Prosafety). This approach allows preventive action, since it not only focuses on accidents, but also records and manages environmental incidents, which do not generate significant damage but are a source of learning and prevention of major events.
|Two oil spills (260 litres and 60 litres) at wind farms in operation.||Spain||Cleaning and waste removal by authorised handler.|
|200,000 litres of seawater leaked from sump and discharges at a combined cycle plant.||Spain||Construction of a containment barrier to prevent the discharge affecting the soil on adjacent land. Emptying by means of tanker trucks.|
|Four dielectric oil spills (1000, 100, 134 and 200 litres) at electricity transportation and distribution facilities.||Spain||Cleaning and waste removal by authorised handler.|
|Nine dielectric oil spills (1000, 727, 2100, 200, 280, 2500, 10000 and 150 litres) at electricity transportation and distribution facilities.||Chile||Cleaning and waste removal by authorised handler.|
|Two dielectric oil spills (306 and 94 litres) at electricity transportation and distribution facilities.||Panama||Cleaning and waste removal by authorised handler.|
|Breakage of a concrete pump hose. Spillage of 200 litres of hydraulic oil.||Brazil||Collection and management of contaminated soil by authorised company.|
|800-litre oil spill in the area of the gas compressor at a combined cycle plant.||Mexico||Collecting oil and absorbent material and delivery to authorised handler.|
Environmental training is a basic tool for preventing and reducing environmental impacts and improving environmental operational control in our activities.
1,192 participants received a total of 3,115 hours of training in 2018, with plan objectives being met by 183% and 117%, respectively. The % increase over planning is due to the activity in hours and participants carried out in Chile and not contemplated initially.
In 2018, Naturgy developed an Environmental Communication Plan to support the dissemination of knowledge and awareness on environmental issues and to promote a constructive dialogue with the different stakeholders.
The activities developed in 2018 included the following:
The company has continued to encourage corporate environmental volunteer actions targeted at promoting a positive attitude among employees and their families about the preservation of nature.
Lastly, to guarantee effective communication with the external interested parties, there are different formal complaint mechanisms in operation. Dealing with environmental complaints properly is of great value because these complaints represent an opportunity to improve environmental management. In 2018, there were 109 environmental complaints or claims, all of which were resolved during the same period.
Naturgy continuously monitors environmental legislation to be aware in advance of the repercussion this has on its activity, to define its positioning and to adapt itself to new requirements. The company participates proactively in the processes of consultation and public information in the international, European and national context.
The company did not receive any significant sanctions (fines over Euros 60,000) for environmental breaches in 2018.
Naturgy makes significant efforts in issues of environmental protection, making sure its facilities are provided with the resources required to guarantee compliance with prevailing environmental legislation; to reduce the environmental impact of its activities; to prevent contamination; to mitigate climate change; to control and minimise emissions, dumping and waste; to guarantee, improve and obtain certification for the environmental management of its facilities; to improve environmental management and information systems, and to enhance the environmental training and awareness of employees, customers, suppliers and other stakeholders.
The environmental actions carried out in 2018 have reached a total of Euros 494 million (Euros 96 million in 2017), of which Euros 396 million correspond to environmental investments and Euros 98 million to expenses incurred in the environmental management of the facilities, excluding those resulting from the carbon market. Among the investments made, those corresponding to the new renewable generation projects (Euros 314 million), mainly wind and photovoltaic farms, stand out, which will contribute to reducing specific emissions of CO2 and other atmospheric pollutants.
The main strategic lines of action in terms of climate, to contribute to mitigating climate change and the energy transition, are:
Accordingly, Naturgy’s climate action is based on the following pillars:
For this, Naturgy has a specific tool, developed in Ms Excel and @ Risk, which allows it to estimate its exposure to risks, at an aggregate level and broken down by business, geography, technology and temporal scope (short, medium and long term). Thus, it estimates the impact of different climate change scenarios (IPCC) through physical, environmental, business and economics indicators. In addition, it means we can simulate impact assessment scenarios based on new products and services, etc. and the implementation of R&D&I actions.
In addition, Naturgy has a stochastic model that it developed itself, with Monte Carlo simulation, which allows us to determine the optimal abatement cost in the European Union to meet the GHG reduction targets by 2030.
With regard to managing the coverage of facilities regulated by the European Union Emissions Trading Directive during Phase III (2013–2020), Naturgy performs integral management of its emission rights portfolio in order to acquire 100% of emission rights equivalent to its output, given that the electricity sector has not been receiving free assignation since 1 January 2013. For this purpose, it actively participates both in the primary market, through auctions, and in the secondary market. In 2018, CO2 emissions affected by the laws governing the Emissions Trading System came to total of 9.1 million tonnes.
Total GHG emissions (scopes 1 and 2) were 19.4 MtCO2eq, with a 11.2% reduction compared to 2017.
Reduction in GHG emissions scopes 1 and 2 in 2018 in relation to 2012 was 25.9%, meeting 99.6% of the SBTI target set for 2025.
Specific emissions of CO2 from electricity generation totalled 342 g CO2/kWh generated, representing a year-on-year reduction of 12%.
Emissions prevented in 2018 came to a total of 126.2 MtCO2, most of which (93%) resulted from the use of natural gas to replace other more carbon-intensive fossil fuels.
Emissions of methane per kilometre of gas transportation and distribution network totalled 9.4 tCO2eq/km.
|Direct emissions of GHG (MtCO2eq)||18,3||20,5||19,5|
|Indirect emissions of GHG (ktCO2eq)||106.658||114.506||107.062|
|Emission factor including nuclear (tCO2/GWh)||342||388||371|
|Emissions prevented (MtCO2eq/year)||126,2||132,4||107,5|
|Emissions by leaks in gas networks (tCO2eq/km network)||9,4||9,6||9,3|
|Emissions prevented||2018 emissions prevented (tCO2eq)||Energy savings (GWh) 2018||2017 emissions prevented (tCO2eq)||Energy savings (GWh) 2017|
|Natural gas is the best fossil fuel to replace other fossil fuels:|
|Natural resources management||4.764.285||16.853||3.170.359||10.685|
|Generation of renewables to replace combustion of fossil fuels|
|Energy saving and efficiency||1.238.398||3.125||1.824.028||7.541|
|Energy efficiency and saving actions on the company’s own facilities and on the customers’ premises|
|Own facilities: Energy Efficiency Operations Plan|
|Upgrading of networks in gas T&D gas||739.793||544||1.060.899||779|
|Actions in electricity distribution||56.601||296||93.031||160|
|Coal-fired power stations||39.576||115||31.273||87|
|Fuel oil-fired power stations||7.036||26||2.791||10|
The EU Industrial Emissions Directive, limiting emissions from electricity generation, was met in 2018, with a reduction in absolute and relative atmospheric emissions of NOx, SO2 and particulate matter. This was due to the reduction in coal power generation and the increase in electricity generation from renewable resources in Spain, as a result of greater water availability.
With reference to other pollutants, 0.06 tonnes of mercury, 0.01 tonnes of HCFC and 0.9 tonnes of freon R22 refrigerant were emitted./p>
|Target value 2018 path||2018||2017||2016|
|Line of action||2018 milestones|
|Climate management||Naturgy has been internationally recognised for its climate management, with inclusion on the CDP’s A List. Moreover, it was the only Spanish company and one of the five utilities in the world to achieve this, of the 6,937 participating companies.|
|Fostering renewable electricity||Increasing renewable power capacity by 210 MW through wind farms that have started operating in Australia and Spain and solar farms in Brazil.|
|Reduction in GHG emissions and other air pollutants||The Anllares coal-fired thermal power station ceased operation in 2018, after authorisation was received for its decommissioning. This measure led to a reduction in GHG emissions and other air pollutants.|
|Displacement of carbon intensive fuels||
The distribution and commercialisation of natural gas to replace more carbon-intensive fuels (coal, petroleum derivatives) led to the reduction of 117 million MtCO2eq, and other air pollutants (SO2, particulate matter, NOx).
Two innovative projects have been implemented that will allow liquefied natural gas (LNG) to reach areas that were previously unviable, promoting the replacement of carbon-intensive fuels and reducing other air pollutants:
|Encouraging the gas-renewable binomial in generation||More than 9,200 MW of installed power in combined-cycle power stations, which is the most eco-efficient conventional thermal technology and which provides a back-up for renewable power generation, favouring its penetration into the electricity system.|
|Reducing fugitive GHG emissions||
Renewal of pipes and connections in the gas networks of Argentina and Brazil, and optimising operations in order to reduce fugitive emissions.
Implementation of measures in the Nedgia gas distribution network in Spain to reduce methane emissions into the atmosphere:
Pilot project for the regeneration of unusable SF6 (greenhouse gas) from Union Fenosa Distribución switchgear. Tests have been conducted to verify the necessary quality, demonstrating that gas that meets the UNE EN 60480 standard can be obtained for reuse in high-voltage switchgear. The purpose of this is to avoid the need to manage unusable residual SF6 or to purchase new gas, reducing its production, which is the process in which most fugitive atmospheric emissions occur. The practice is expected to be expanded in 2019.
Naturgy is committed to reducing the environmental impact by promoting a circular economy through the efficient use of resources to reduce environmental impacts. To do this, different lines of action are developed, focused fundamentally on:
The consumption of fuels and chemical products fell in 2018 owing to the lesser operation of coal-fired power stations. The fact that magnetite consumption has ceased should also be highlighted, owing to disinvestment in the Kangra coal mine in South Africa.
NB: 2016 and 2017 figures include the consumption data for Moldova, Kenya and South Africa, whereas 2018 does not.
NB: 2017 figures include the consumption data for South Africa, whereas 2018 does not.
|Gas and electricity||EMEA||LatAm North||LatAm South||Corporate||Total|
|Energy consumption within the organisation (GWh)||54.104||2.345||818||3.264||83||60.614|
|Net turnover (euros million)||19.560||2.419||1.367||5.080||0||28.426|
|Ratio (GWh / Net turnover)||2,77||0,97||0,60||0,64||2,13|
Most water consumption at the Naturgy
facilities is due to the operation of the
electricity power stations, in particular to the
evaporation of water in the cooling towers. In 2018, there was a significant
decrease in the volume of water consumed, mainly due to lower activity
at the coal-fired power stations.
Most of the water collected is returned to the environment, with the percentage consumed in 2018 standing at 3.4%. Depending on its origin, the main source of supply is the sea (97%), with freshwater accounting for a much smaller contribution.
As regards effluent discharges, all thermal power stations monitor and analyse not only effluents but also the waters in the environment receiving the effluent discharges. In 2018, no significant impacts were generated in the aquatic ecosystems where the effluent discharges are made.
|2018 target value path||2018|
|Total volume of water taken from the environment||777,48|
|Total water consumption||31,00||26,54|
|Total volume discharged||753,72|
Within the framework of the integrated management system, Naturgy develops management and control procedures aimed at minimising the waste that is disposed of in landfill, through prevention, reuse, recycling and/or energy recovery.
In 2018, generation of non-hazardous waste decreased significantly compared with 2017. Also highlighted is the reduction in waste from coal-fired power stations, in particular ashes, cinders and gypsum, owing to the lesser operation of these facilities.
Finally, special mention should be made of the actions undertaken to promote renewable gas. This energy vector can be produced from the conversion of surplus renewable energy or from the transformation of organic waste. Because it is carbon neutral, this gas reduces CO2 emissions (and can even be used as a carbon sink), preventing the negative environmental and social impacts caused by the waste from which it is produced and fostering economic activity in rural areas.
|Type||2018 target value path||Amount|
|Soil and rubble||143,6|
|Waste plant matter||2,7|
|2018 target value path||2018||2017||2016|
|Recycled and energy recovery||62,9||87,8||86,0||86,0|
|Incineration and landfill||37,1||12,2||14,0||14,0|
|Type||2018 target value path||Amount|
|Hydrocarbons plus water||3,6|
|Sludge from oil and fuels||1,5|
|Solid waste contaminated with hydrocarbons||1,2|
|Sludge from oil and fuels||1,5|
In 2018, Naturgy continued with the removal of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). There are currently 172 tonnes of dielectric oils to be removed, which have concentrations of PCB above 50 ppm.
The 2018 milestones in the circular economy are described below:
|Line of action||2018 milestones|
|Increasing energy efficiency at our own facilities and those of our customers||
Energy Efficiency Operations Plan in own facilities, preventing the emission of 0.92 MtCO2eq.
Boiler upgrades, efficient lighting and electrical HVAC systems for customers.
|Reduction of water consumption||
Use of urban wastewater for operations of different combined-cycle power stations (Hermosillo, Naco and Norte Durango in Mexico, and Malaga in Spain), which are mostly located in areas of high water stress, avoiding the need to consume freshwater. The use of recycled water in the last three years has led to savings of 20.6 hm3, the equivalent of filling 8,228 Olympic size swimming pools.
Improved operations at different thermal power stations to reduce water capture and consumption: adjusting cycles of concentration for cooling water, reuse of liquid effluents, improvement in water treatment plant performance, monitoring and reduction of water leaks.
Measures in vehicle fleets (waterless car wash) and offices (timers on taps, posters and awareness campaigns for saving water, etc.).
|Promoting renewable gas||Commissioning and operation of two biogas upgrading plants at the EDAR Bens facility (A Coruña) and the Metamorphosis project (Lleida) to enhance the technical and economic feasibility of renewable gas.|
Expansion of the vehicular natural gas charging infrastructure for public use, including participation in European Union programmes to create road transport corridors for LNG-powered heavy goods vehicles.
Improvement in the efficiency of natural gas supply stations.
Encouraging the use of natural gas in different Spanish ports.
Naturgy is committed to preserving natural capital, biodiversity and cultural heritage in the areas around its facilities, with special attention paid to protected areas and species. For this purpose, based on the precautionary principle, prior environmental impact and archaeological studies are conducted as required for all projects, in order to reduce the negative impacts on the full life cycle. In addition, measures are set out to mitigate the impacts caused by facilities on the natural environment and cultural heritage, particularly with regard to those located in the area of influence of high environmental value and protected areas. In those cases in which it is not possible to completely avoid the impact, the required compensatory measures are introduced.
During the operating stage of facilities, the company applies strict operation control and risk management procedures (environmental emergency plans, drills, etc.) to prevent incidents before they occur or to minimise any damage.
The following table analyses the impacts on biodiversity that may be caused by the company’s operations:
|Upstream||Transport and distribution||Electricity generation|
|Construction and operation of plants and transport infrastructures||The building and operation of plants and gas and electricity transportation and distribution infrastructures may impact on the plant and animal life in the surrounding area. The main causes of these impacts are the occupation of land, localised removal of vegetation and disturbance of wildlife by the operation of the facilities.|
|Pollution||Emissions caused by operations may have an impact on the abiotic and biotic environments in the areas surrounding facilities.|
|Introduction of invasive species, pests and pathogens||No operations involve the introduction of exotic invasive species. The only risk associated with these species could be their proliferation owing to involuntary transfer or the creation of favourable conditions for their establishment.|
|Species reduction||The building and operation of plants and infrastructure may lead to a reduction in specimens of certain species in the area. However, the magnitude of such impacts will on no account lead to the total disappearance of the affected species.|
|Habitat transformation||Changes in the use of land and the permanent presence of facilities in the natural areas may have an impact on the populations of species present in the surrounding area. The reservoirs associated with hydro-electric power stations can cause the most significant transformations with regard to biodiversity, which may be negative or positive.|
|Changes in ecological processes outside of their natural range of variation||The most significant effects are caused by discharges of liquids during the operation of facilities, which may lead to changes in the environmental variables that affect the aquatic ecosystem.|
: Low impact, : Medium impact, : Significant impact, : No significant impact
For management of biodiversity, there is a specific working group that operates across the board in the company and which features participation from all businesses and geographies. Likewise, company employees are invited to participate in environmental volunteer programmes that encourage the development of individual attitudes and behaviour to respect and protection of the natural environment.
Naturgy’s business activities require the occupation of land, whether temporarily during the construction stage or permanently during the operation of facilities. The following table shows the total surface area of facilities located within or adjacent to areas of high biodiversity or protected natural spaces. In order to determine the facilities located adjacent to these types of spaces, consideration has been given not only to their physical limitations but also to a number of specific impact ratios according to type of facility. Consequently, the infrastructure is classified as interior (within areas of high biodiversity), adjacent (radius of impact within the protected space) or exterior when it is outside.
|Business||Type of operation||Location with regard to the protected area||Surface area (ha)||Value of biodiversity|
|Gas||Exploration||Within the area||114||SCI, SPA, PNS, RAMSAR|
|Transport and distribution||Within the area and n||7.343||PNS, SCI, SPA, RAMSAR, BR, NR, PGR, SEI, EPA, GB, MR, RD, NRCS, RR, EPA, ASU, AIBC, NPR, PS, MER, PA, FR|
|Electricity||Generation||Within the area and next to the area||21.100||SCI, SPA, PNS, RAMSAR, BR, AIBC, NRA|
|Transport and distribution||Within the area and next to the area||42.207||SCI, SPA, PNS, RAMSAR, BR, NM, NR, PLA, NAM, SR, NRA, NP, NM, WR, CONAF, MC, NM, NR, PF, RF, PIN, WET, PS|
|Type||Critically endangered species||Endangered species||Vulnerable species||Almost threatened species|
|Line of action||2018 milestones|
|Biodiversity protection||More than 300 biodiversity initiatives in course on an international level.|
More than 200 studies have been conducted, particularly within the scope of electricity generation facilities (thermal, hydro-electric and wind farms) and distribution in order to monitor the environmental and ecological status of the surrounding areas. In the case of thermal and hydro-electric power stations, these include sampling campaigns to determine the physical, chemical and biological of the aquatic environment (rivers, reservoirs, etc.).
Recent studies confirmed the situation of normality observed in recent years, and concluded that the studied facilities had an acceptable impact on their environment.
|Environmental actions [304-3]||
More than 110 initiatives have been implemented directed towards conservation of species and natural spaces, both voluntary and as obligated by environmental authorities for projects and facilities, including compensatory measures in other areas of interest for biodiversity.
In 2018, planting began of lavender began for the protection of the Eurasian skylark in the surrounds of the Fuentelsaz wind farms in order to create ecological corridors for the species. The project also takes into consideration the local society and economy, with promotion of productive and sustainable activities in the area associated with organic agriculture and the production of essential oils.
|Dissemination and awareness actions||
The aim of these is to disseminate knowledge on biodiversity and bring created environmental awareness for both company employees and other stakeholders. Included among these activities were environmental volunteer meetings, lectures, specialist publications, educational material and Internet publicity campaigns.
The Practical Guide to Ecological Restoration was published in 2018, coordinated by Fundación Biodiversidad, in which Naturgy took part by sharing its experiences, lessons learnt and successes.
|Agreements and alliances with third parties||
For the purpose of supporting some of the initiatives included in the previous sections, we have different partnership agreements with third parties, in particular with conservation organisations and also with the public administrations, which provide the technical knowledge required to ensure the efficiency of the actions carried out.
2018 saw the completion of the project undertaken in partnership with GREFA, the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and the Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences to reuse old abandoned industrial buildings (transformation stations) in order to encourage biodiversity. As a result, a number of transformation stations were restored to provide nesting sites for birds and shelter for bats. The results of the project were disseminated to the public through CONAMA 2018.
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